Working in Germany: A Complete Guide to Employment Protections and Benefits 2023

Working in Germany

As a global leader in labor laws, Germany consistently offers solid employment protections and benefits for its workforce. Whether you’re already living in the country or considering a job opportunity there, it’s vital to familiarize yourself with your employment rights and entitlements. This article delves into the extensive employment protections and leave rights for workers in Germany, encompassing contract types, working hours, sick leave, vacation time, and parental leave.

Navigating Germany’s Comprehensive Employment Protections and Contract Types

Workers in Germany benefit from robust employment protections, such as minimum wage laws, working hour limitations, paid leave, and health and safety regulations. Expats receive the same protections, but maneuvering through the labor market can be intricate, particularly when it comes to the variety of employment contracts. In this article, we’ll clarify the different contracts and their associated rights and obligations, empowering expats to make well-informed decisions.

Diverse Employment Contract Types in Germany

Fixed-term contracts: These agreements are established for a specific duration, typically terminating automatically once the contract expires. Fixed-term contracts are beneficial for employers needing to hire staff for a particular project or timeframe. However, employees on fixed-term contracts may experience less job security compared to those on open-ended contracts.

Open-ended contracts: These agreements have no predetermined end date, and either the employer or employee can terminate them with notice. Open-ended contracts offer greater job security than fixed-term contracts, as long as the employee maintains satisfactory performance and fulfills job requirements.

Part-time contracts: These agreements apply to employees working fewer hours than the standard full-time hours for their industry. Part-time contracts can be advantageous for employees seeking more flexibility, but they may provide fewer benefits and reduced job security compared to full-time contracts.

Each contract type entails a unique set of rights and obligations, which may vary based on the specific contract terms and any relevant collective bargaining agreements. It’s crucial for expats working in Germany to thoroughly examine their contracts and obtain legal and employment guidance to ensure a comprehensive understanding of their rights and obligations.

Apart from traditional employment contracts, Germany also offers alternative work arrangements, such as freelancing or establishing a business. While these options might provide more flexibility, they generally come with fewer employment protections.

Legal Working Hours and Overtime Regulations in Germany

Germany enforces stringent regulations regarding working hours and overtime for employees. The legal working hours are restricted to 8 hours per day and 48 hours per week. However, in certain situations such as busy periods or emergency work, these limits can be extended to 10 hours per day and a maximum of 60 hours per week.

Employers must guarantee that their workers receive adequate rest and breaks during their shifts, with a minimum of 11 consecutive hours of rest per day and a minimum of 24 consecutive hours of rest per week.

In addition to standard working hours, overtime is also regulated in Germany. Overtime is defined as any hours worked beyond the standard working hours and is subject to different regulations depending on the type of employment contract.

For instance, for employees on a full-time contract, overtime can be compensated with either time off or extra pay. Overtime must not surpass 10 hours per week, and any overtime worked must be documented.

Flexible Working Opportunities

Employees in Germany can request a reduction in their working time, provided a few conditions are met:

  • The employee has at least six months of tenure with the company
  • The company employs more than 15 employees
  • There’s no operational reason to refuse the employee’s request

Additionally, employees should not have asked for a reduction of hours within the last two years and should give at least three months’ notice for their current request.

The government introduced “bridge part-time” legislation in 2019, which limits the reduction of working time to a set period (between one and five years).

Exploring Various Leave Options for Employees in Germany

  1. Vacation leave
  2. Sick leave
  3. Maternity/paternity leave
  4. Parental leave
  5. Special leave

It is crucial for expats to understand their rights and entitlements to leave in Germany, as these can vary depending on their contract and the employer’s policies.

  1. Vacation leave: Employees are entitled to a minimum of 20 days of paid vacation per year, which can increase with years of service or collective bargaining agreements.
  2. Sick leave: Employees are entitled to take time off work if they are sick or injured. The length of sick leave depends on the severity of the illness or injury, with the employer paying a percentage of the employee’s salary during this time.
  3. Maternity and paternity leave: Female employees are entitled to up to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, while male employees can take up to 2 months of paternity leave.
  4. Parental leave: Employees can take up to 3 years of unpaid parental leave to care for a child. During this time, the employee’s job is protected, and they may be eligible for financial support.
  5. Special leave: Employees may be entitled to special leave for reasons such as bereavement, marriage, or jury duty. The length of special leave and whether it is paid or unpaid depends on the circumstances and the employer’s policies.

Grasping Notice Periods and Severance Pay

In Germany, notice periods for terminating an employment contract are generally determined by the length of employment.

For employees with less than two years of service, the minimum notice period is four weeks. For employees with longer service, notice periods range from one to seven months.

The exact notice period may also be specified in an employment contract. Notice periods must be given in writing and take effect on the 15th or last day of a calendar month.

Understanding Severance Pay

In Germany, severance pay (Abfindung) is not a legal requirement, but it is common practice in some situations, particularly for higher-level employees or in the case of redundancies.

The amount of severance pay is usually negotiated between the employer and employee and can be based on various factors such as length of service, salary, and reason for termination.

For expats, the terms regarding severance pay should be outlined in their employment contract. Additionally, if an expat is terminated due to a mass layoff or business closure, they may be eligible for additional severance pay under German law, which is calculated based on their years of service.

Comprehensive Employee Protections

Protection from Discrimination

According to the Equal Treatment Act (AGG), employment relationship discrimination is prohibited based on:

  • Age
  • Disability
  • Race
  • Religion or belief
  • Gender
  • Sexual orientation
  • Country of origin

However, discrimination and harassment are forbidden regardless, even outside of those characteristics.
Let’s look at what counts as Discrimination. Discrimination is any form of unequal treatment, with a few distinct types recognized by German employment:

  • Direct discrimination – treating an individual less favorably because of a characteristic protected by the AGG
  • Indirect discrimination – applying a policy, criteria, or practice to all workers in a group, which disproportionately disadvantages those possessing an AGG-protected characteristic or any other unjustified reason, unless the discrimination is objectively justified
  • Victimization – dismissing an employee because they took action related to discrimination of a protected characteristic (i.e., submitted a discrimination grievance)

Not every instance of unequal treatment is seen as discrimination. Discriminatory treatment can be justified if the employer shows important and vital work-related requirements.

Protection against Dismissal

The German Termination Protection Act offers employees maximum protection against unfair dismissal. It restricts termination of employment if the employee has been with the company for more than six months.

Termination is only possible based on:

  • Behavior such as theft or fraud
  • Personal reasons such as long-term illness
  • Business reasons such as reducing positions due to restructuring

The employer must give a written, signed notice of termination (original is required, with a scan, telefax, photocopy, or similar, not seen as sufficient) and observe the applicable notice period. The employer does not have to list the particular reason for termination in the termination letter. If a company lays off a lot of employees at once, prior approval by the employment office is required.

Superior protection against unlawful dismissal is extended to handicapped employees, as well as pregnant employees or employees on parental leave. In these cases, employers need to get prior approval from German authorities, which is usually very difficult to obtain. Another special protection is extended to the members of the works council (Betriebsrat) of the company.

The German Termination Protection Act doesn’t apply to companies with ten employees or less.

German labor law governs the relationship between employers and employees in the workplace, encompassing topics such as employment contracts, working hours, wages, holidays, social security contributions, and protection against discrimination and unfair dismissal.

German labor law is characterized by a high degree of protection for employees, including extensive workers’ rights and strong trade unions.

Employers are subject to strict legal requirements and must comply with various regulations to ensure the health and safety of their employees. Violations of labor law can result in fines and legal action.

Thank you for taking the time to learn about German labor law and workplace regulations. We hope this information has been helpful.

If you would like to find out more about working in Germany, such as visa requirements, job opportunities, and cultural insights, please read other articles on our website. We are dedicated to providing the latest news and advice for expats working in Germany.

Thank you for your interest, and we wish you all the best in your career.

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Study in Germany: Affordable Education for International Students – 2023

Study in Germany: Affordable Education for International Students

Study in Germany: A Pocket-Friendly Choice for International Students

Germany has become a top choice for international students seeking higher education due to its affordable living costs and tuition-free education at public universities. Ranked among the five most popular study destinations globally, Germany is known for its excellent higher education system, comprehensive study programs, and welcoming study environment. With over 400,000 international students from diverse backgrounds, including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, and countries from South America and Africa, Germany offers a vibrant and multicultural experience.

Students often finance their education through scholarships, savings, and part-time jobs, making Germany an ideal destination for pursuing higher education qualifications. With this comprehensive guide on Study in Germany: Affordable Education for International Students you’ll be able to make an informed decision about pursuing higher education in Germany.

Understanding Tuition Fees and Living Costs in Germany

One of the main reasons why Germany attracts international students is its low cost of living and tuition-free education at public universities. Since 2014, the government has abolished tuition fees for public universities, making higher education accessible to students worldwide. This policy has significantly increased international enrollment, with over 400,000 foreign students currently studying in Germany.

In 2017, some German regions reintroduced tuition fees for non-EU students, with a rate of around 1,500 EUR/semester. Despite this, the cost of studying in Germany remains much lower than in other popular study destinations. Administrative fees, known as “semester contributions,” include student union, public transport, and other administrative costs, typically not exceeding 300 EUR/semester.

Private universities charge tuition fees ranging from 25,000 to 40,000 EUR/year, depending on the degree level and study program. However, public universities continue to offer tuition-free, high-quality education, making Germany an affordable option for higher education.

Affordable Private University Tuition Fees in Germany

While public universities in Germany are tuition-free, private universities charge tuition fees that vary depending on the institution and program. MBA and Engineering degrees are typically the most expensive programs at private universities. Annual tuition fees for private universities in Germany range from €1,400 to €30,000. However, many private universities offer reduced fees to students meeting certain criteria, such as financial need. Some private universities only charge administrative fees. Compared to other study destinations, attending private universities in Germany remains relatively affordable. Below is a list of private universities in Germany and their average tuition fees. 

Bard College Berlin – €28,700

CODE University of Applied Sciences – €9,800

EBC Hochschule – €10,000

Friedensau Adventist University – €3,500 (with a range from €1,200 to €4,900)

GISMA Business School – €20,000 (with a range from €3,000 to €33,000)

Hertie School of Governance – €32,500 (it offers only postgraduate courses)

Munich Business School – €24,000

SRH Hochschule Berlin – €10,000

WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management – €15,000

University of Applied Sciences Europe – €1,400

Managing Living Expenses as an International Student in Germany

While Germany is known for its affordable education system, international students should be aware of living costs when planning to study in the country. This includes accommodation, food, transportation, utilities, and other expenses. However, Germany is generally considered an affordable country to live in, and there are many cost-saving options available to international students.

One way to reduce living costs is by sharing accommodation. Many international students opt to live in shared apartments or student housing to save on rent. Additionally, cooking meals at home instead of eating out can also help students save money on food.

International students who plan to study in Germany are required to show proof of sufficient funds to obtain a student visa. This is typically done through a German-blocked account. As of 2023, international students need to demonstrate that they have around €934 per month, or €11,208 per year, to cover living expenses in Germany.

It’s important to note that living costs may vary depending on the city, type of accommodation, and lifestyle. For example, living in larger cities like Berlin or Munich can be more expensive than living in smaller towns or suburbs. However, with proper budgeting and planning, international students can enjoy their time in Germany without financial stress.

According to a study by Study.EU, the average monthly cost of living for international students in Germany is €850 to €1,100, which includes accommodation, food, and other expenses. The study also found that the cost of living in Germany is significantly lower than in other popular study destinations such as the United States or the United Kingdom.

While living expenses are an important consideration for international students studying in Germany, the country remains an affordable choice for higher education. With proper budgeting and planning, international students can manage their expenses and enjoy their time in Germany without financial stress.

Financing Your German Education: Scholarships and Other Options

Numerous scholarships are available to international students in Germany, funded by government or non-governmental organizations and universities. Eligible students can apply for scholarships to help manage their living expenses in Germany. Some popular scholarships in Germany include:

  • The Deutschlandstipendium
  • DAAD Scholarships
  • Erasmus+
  • Heinrich Boll Foundation Scholarships
  • Humboldt Scholarships
  • Helmholtz Scholarships

In addition to scholarships, international students often finance their studies through savings or parental/guardian income. Part-time work during studies provides extra income and helps cover additional expenses. Non-EU international students can work 120 full days or 240 half days per year and earn up to 450 EUR/month tax-free.

While scholarships are an excellent way to finance your studies in Germany, other options are also available. By utilizing savings, parental/guardian income, or part-time work, students can cover their living expenses while pursuing higher education in Germany.

Additional Costs to Consider While Studying in Germany

As an international student, it’s crucial to be aware of the additional costs associated with studying in Germany. These costs include:

  • Visa and residence permit fees
  • Travel expenses to reach Germany
  • Accommodation expenses, such as short-term stays or rentals
  • German health insurance
  • Study materials, including textbooks, laptops, and other equipment
  • German language courses
  • Daily living expenses, such as shopping, public transport, and leisure activities

When applying for a residence permit, students must demonstrate they have sufficient funds to cover these costs, typically amounting to €11,208 per year. However, students are eligible for discounts at many shops, restaurants, museums, and cinemas, so be sure to take advantage of these opportunities.

In Conclusion

Germany’s excellent higher education system and affordable living make it a top destination for international students. While costs and fees associated with health insurance and semester fees are inevitable, numerous scholarship opportunities and part-time jobs can help ease the financial burden. Despite these expenses, studying in Germany remains an affordable and attractive option for students seeking a high-quality education.

To learn more about studying, working, and living in Germany, follow our content for helpful tips and advice on making the most of your time in this incredible country.

Study In Germany: Ultimate Guide to Finding Your Dream University

Studying In Germany

Are you an international student considering studying in Germany? With an abundance of universities and diverse courses available, making the right choice can seem daunting. Worry not, as we have written Study In Germany: Ultimate Guide to Finding Your Dream University to help you make an informed decision about selecting the perfect institution. We’ll cover everything from understanding the German university system to study visas and scholarships available, ensuring that you have all the tools and resources necessary to make the best decision for your educational journey in Germany.

Understanding the German University Landscape

The German higher education system is divided into three main categories:

  1. Universities (Universitäten) – Specialising in research and in-depth, theoretical teaching.
  2. Universities of Applied Science (Hochschulen) – Focused on the application of learning and practical work experience.
  3. Colleges of Art and Music (Musik- und Kunsthochschulen) – Training budding artists, designers, musicians, and actors.

Degrees offered by German universities range from Bachelor’s to Doctoral degrees, with additional qualifications such as Staatsexamen required for specific professions like medicine, law, and teaching.

Affordable Education and Top-Ranked Universities

Germany is known for its affordability of higher education, with most federal states having eliminated tuition fees in 2013. Scholarships and grants, such as the Erasmus+ program, DAAD scholarships, and the Deutschland Stipendium, are available to international students for financial assistance.

When searching for the perfect university, consider rankings such as the QS World University Rankings, which provide an overview of the best institutions in Germany. However, remember that rankings should not be the sole deciding factor – consider location, program availability, and language requirements as well.

Top 10 Tips for Choosing the Perfect University In Germany

Here are the top 10 tips to help you choose your Dream University in Germany

  1. Determine your career goals and objectives.
  2. Research university rankings and top-performing institutions.
  3. Compare course offerings across different universities.
  4. Review admission requirements and deadlines.
  5. Investigate employment opportunities and career prospects.
  6. Explore accommodation options and living costs.
  7. Consider the availability of scholarships and grants.
  8. Understand the study visa process and requirements.
  9. Evaluate language requirements and support services.
  10. Visit the campus and engage with current students, if possible.

By following these top 10 tips, you can make an informed decision about your future academic path and find the perfect German university that aligns with your career aspirations and personal preferences.

Navigating Study Visas and Scholarships

International students from non-EU countries are required to obtain a study visa to pursue higher education in Germany. There are three types of visas:

  1. Language Course Visa: For students planning to take a language course before starting their studies.
  2. Student Applicant Visa: For students who have not yet received admission to a university but want to apply in person.
  3. Student Visa: For students who have been accepted by a German university.

Obtaining a study visa is a crucial step for international students who wish to pursue higher education in Germany. As of 2021, the number of international students in Germany has reached over 400,000, which makes up 13% of the total student population in the country. Non-EU students are required to have a student visa to study in Germany.

The Language Course Visa

The Language Course Visa is the first type of visa that international students can apply for when planning to take a language course before starting their studies. This visa is valid for up to three months and is granted to students who have been accepted into a language course in Germany. The cost of this visa application is approximately 75 euros.

The Student Applicant Visa

The Student Applicant Visa is the second type of visa that international students can apply for if they have not yet received admission to a German university but want to apply in person. This visa allows students to stay in Germany for up to three months and costs approximately 75 euros. It is important to note that this visa cannot be extended, and students who have not received admission to a university within the given timeframe must leave the country.

The Student Visa

The Student Visa is the third type of visa that international students can apply for after they have been accepted into a German university. This visa is valid for the duration of the student’s studies and allows them to work part-time for up to 120 full days or 240 half days in a year. The cost of this visa application is approximately 75 euros.

It is crucial to start the visa application process well in advance, as it may take several weeks or even months to complete. The application process involves providing various documents, including proof of enrollment, proof of financial support, and proof of health insurance. International students are advised to check with their respective German embassy or consulate for the specific requirements and timelines for visa applications.

Check out this article for a comprehensive guide on applying for a student visa in Germany.

Embarking on Your German Education Adventure

Tips for Choosing the Perfect University In Germany

With our comprehensive guide, you are now equipped with the knowledge to make an informed decision about pursuing higher education in Germany. Remember, choosing the right university and course is crucial for your academic success and future career. So, take your time, conduct thorough research, and be prepared to embark on an incredible journey.

Do you have any questions about universities in Germany? Feel free to share them in the comments below! Our team will address your questions and provide additional information to assist you in your decision-making process.

Be sure to stay tuned for our follow-up article, where we will delve deeper into specific aspects of choosing the right university in Germany for international students. We want to ensure that you have all the tools and resources necessary to make the best decision for your educational journey in Germany.

15 best common questions on Job Seeker Visa

questions on job seeker visa

The Job Seeker Visa (Aufenthaltserlaubnis zur Arbeitsplatzsuche für qualifizierte Fachkräfte) is a way for eligible candidates to stay in Germany for a period of 6 months and search for a job

While going through the process and finding a job, you may get an enormous number of questions. so what are they?

Well, you are lucky because I’ve put together a complete list of common questions on job seeker visa

1. What is a Job Seeker Visa?

Well, this is a common and known question. It’s a type of long-term visa that you can use to enter Germany and search for a job for a period of 6 months.

2. Who is eligible?

You must be at least 18 years old and completed a university degree. You can find the complete eligibility criteria here

3. What documents are required?

Well, mostly requires 13 documents, and check them here what are they. You can add additional documents if you think that adds value to the visa interview

4. How much are the visa fees?

The visa fee is 75 EUR for adults. Always check the current exchange rate before your appointment

5. Can I visa pay fees in cash at the time of the visa interview?

Cash is accepted at some locations and some not. Check the embassy website as per your location

6. I took Demand Draft of Visa fees 2 days or earlier, will it be accepted?

If the exchange is not the same as in Demand Draft(DD) at the time of the interview, then it will not be accepted. You need to take a new one from the bank. So, always take DD a few hours before the appointment

7. Do we need Insurance while attending the interview for the Job Seeker Visa? Or it is needed while traveling to Germany once the JSV is approved ??

In some locations, Insurance is not needed at the time of the interview. Later they will mail to bring Flight tickets, and insurance if your visa is approved. But some locations they expect at the time of the interview. In that case, you can ask 1hr time and book online, take a printout and submit

8. Is the ZAB equivalency certificate important for a Job seeker visa?

It’s not required, just check your university is H+ in the Anabin portal

9. I am a Java Developer with 7 years of experience. I am currently in the process of getting a Job Seeker Visa. So my question is, once I get JSV, what is the prospect of getting some interviews with companies while still in India itself?

Chances are less for interviews while you are outside Germany even though you have a Job Seeker Visa. But there are some people who got jobs in India itself. It depends on the following factors
1. Company has an urgent requirement
2. Company has a branch or subsidiary in your country to take you on board while you are in India.

10. My Job Seeker Visa is about to expire soon, can I enter Germany now? i.e. is there any mandate that we should have a minimum number of days of visa validity to enter?

With the current rules, it’s not possible. afaik, you need to reapply again. But, your visa will be approved again without any restrictions. Also, better to mail the German consulate

11. How long will it take to get a job seeker visa for Germany?

It depends on location and situation but in general, it takes around 6 to 8 weeks. As your application would be forwarded to the concerned local immigration office in Germany, therefore processing takes a bit longer for German national visas.

In some cases, you will get within a week too.

In some cases, it might take even longer because of additional verifications and also if the local immigration authority in Germany is completely overloaded with work. If you do not get your visa results within 8 weeks, then you should contact your German consulate where you submitted the application

12. Is it the best option to move to Germany with a Job Seeker visa with basic knowledge of the German language?

If you are in IT and have good technical skills in your domain, the basic knowledge gives you some chances in getting interview calls. But, if you are in Non-IT, I would suggest coming to Germany on Job Seeker Visa with B2 (preferably C1) German skills.

13. Can I extend my stay in Germany on a job seeker visa?

No, as per the rules extending your stay in Germany is not possible on a job seeker visa. Once your job seeker visa expires, you must either leave Germany or apply for a different type of visa. But there are 2 options worth trying to extend the visa, find more details here

14. How much money do I need to have in my bank account to apply for a job seeker visa?

You need to have sufficient financial amount to support yourself during your stay in Germany for 6 months i.e. at least €8,640 in your bank account.

15. Can I bring my family with me on a job seeker visa?

No, you cannot bring your family as you don’t have any job yet and you should be in a state of taking care of yourself financially in Germany. Anyone can apply once they acquired a work permit

Note: The above questions on job seeker visa might not be completely answered your questions. If you have any, please ask here or check out the Facebook group

Best ways to transfer money abroad

Sending money abroad or to your country is made simple with a plethora of online services competing against each other in speed, cost, and security. While there are many comparisons online, here we list the top 3 that most expats in Germany use.

Before going into detail about each of them, here is a comparison table showing the gist and rated based on experience of our community users and online research.

[wptb id=1957]

Wise: Transfer Money Abroad

Wise is a global technology company that’s building the best way to move money around the world and it is one of the best to transfer money abroad

More than 5 million people and businesses have stopped using banks, PayPal, and traditional providers because Wise is cheaper, faster, and easier. Huge companies and banks use Wise technology too; an entirely new cross-border payment network that will one-day power money without borders for everyone, everywhere. Over five million people use TransferWise, which processes over £4bn in payments every month, saving customers over £1bn a year.

Wise charges a flat 0.5% fee, regardless of the amount. So you would pay around €10 fee for example if you wanted to transfer EUR 2,000 into whichever currency. Wise gives a live guaranteed price.


  • Live Guarantee price for 48hrs
  • Instant (Money can be transferred in a few sec if less than €1000 or 24 -48 hrs)
  • Excellent chat or email support
  • Many options to pay: Sofort, Credit Card, Debit Card, Bank Transfer
  • Have various options: Low-cost money transfer, Fast Transfer, Easy Transfer
  • Option to open Bank account
  • Debit card which can be used anywhere as per live exchange rate


  • In rare cases, money transfer is delayed in some countries
  • Transferring with credit card is additional charges


Rewire is a dedicated financial service and remittance provider from Israel that is designed specifically for working migrants. Rewire was launched in 2015 as an online money transfer and digital banking company designed for customers who wish to remit money home.

Rewire provides free bank account with IBAN and free master debit card which can be used for purchases and withdraw cash

On top of that rewire charges only €0.99 for any amount of international transfer.


  • Free IBAN account
  • Free Master Debit Card
  • Only €0.99 fees for international transfer, no matter how much you sent
  • Instant international transfer or max in 1 day
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Better exchange rates than Wise or any other money transfer exchange


There are no really cons, but you can’t buy the crypto on crypto exchanges with rewire debit card

Currency Fair:

CurrencyFair is an online peer-to-peer currency exchange marketplace. CurrencyFair is headquartered in Ireland also with employees in the UK, Australia, Greece, Hong Kong, Poland, and Singapore. The company has offices in Newcastle, NSW, Australia, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

It has a unique approach to international money transfers. Instead of exchanging your currency with a bank or a money transfer company, you actually exchange with other CurrencyFair customers to transfer money abroad

Once you transfer in money to your account, we will exchange it at rates up to 8x cheaper than the banks and transfer out to your recipient without delay.

You can securely send money to over 150 countries. Fully licensed and regulated, with a 10-year track record of best-in-class service for quick, low-cost money transfers.

Get 10 free transfers with us. Click signup button below

Transfer fees: Little as 0.1%, to 0.6%, plus a fixed €3 transfer fee.


Skrill is a digital wallet provider enabling a range of online payment and money transfer services. Established in 2001, Skrill is now owned by the Paysafe Group, a large payments group that provides payment services online, in person, and via other channels. Skrill started as an eCommerce payment gateway

You can transfer money abroad through Skrill Money Transfer and fund the payment via credit card, debit card, SOFORT, or bank transfer, depending on where you’re located and the currency you’re using.

You can transfer the money internationally with 0 fees. Sign up now and get €15 credit when you make your first international transfer of €150 euros or more.

Transfer Fees : Free


  • The international transfer is free
  • Can use as a digital wallet
  • Skrill card can be used as a debit card and use for payments
  • Good email support
  • Can use a credit card to transfer money internationally without fees


  • No Live Guarantee price

Thank you for reading the post. This post contains affiliate links that give us little commission to run our website and provide valuable information for free.

Please let me know if you are using any other best options to transfer money abroad and we would like to add it.

Complete guide to apply for Student Visa Germany

Student Visa Germany

Germany is one of the best destinations for high-quality education. It has a good research infrastructure, and teaching techniques with low-cost education. Germany could be the best place for many internationals if you looking for higher education. However, to study in Germany you need to apply for Student Visa. Let’s see the requirements and process to apply for Student Visa in Germany.

In this post, I will guide you on how to apply for Student Visa (Visum Zu Studienzwecken)

Types of Student Visa

Based on your study program, there are 3 types of Student visas to pursue studies in Germany.

Language Course visa

This visa serves the purpose of joining short German courses which are from 3 months to 1 year.

Student Applicant Visa (Visum Zur Studienbewerbung)

If you applied to any university and waiting for the confirmation or if you need to attend the entrance examinations from any university, you can apply for this visa which is valid for 3 months.

Student Visa (Visum Zu Studienzwecken)

If you applied to any university and your application is accepted, then you can apply long term student visa

Documents required for Student Visa Germany

Please prepare the 2 sets of following documents

Steps to apply for Student Visa To Germany

  1. Prepare the necessary documents and double-check that you have everything that is required.
  2. Make an appointment with the German embassy located near your residence
  3. Prior to your visa interview, prepare yourself by practicing potential questions about studying in Germany, why you have chosen Germany and other relevant topics.
  4. After the interview, you will need to wait for approximately 3-4 weeks for your visa application to be processed.
  5. In case the embassy asks for additional documents, be prepared to visit the embassy again to submit them.

Things to do once you arrive in Germany on Student Visa

You are lucky and got an opportunity to study in Germany. You must do the important things once you arrive in Germany

  • Register your residence address in Germany within 15 days of arrival. You can find more information here
  • Since your Student Visa is long-term, apply for a residence permit at the immigration authorities

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Can I work while am studying in Germany?

Yes, you can work while studying in Germany for 120 full days or 240 half days per year

Can I stay in Germany after completing my studies?

Once you obtain a degree, You can apply for a residence permit for job seekers which is given for 18 months. In this period, you can search for a job and you can work for any job until you get qualified employment. Once you received the job offer, you can apply for Blue Card or work permit

Can I apply for a visa extension as my studies are taking longer than expected?

Yes, you can apply for an extension if you know that your studies are taking longer by providing the necessary documents

I am an EU citizen not from Germany, Do I need a visa?

If you belong to one of these countries, then a visa is not required to study in Germany: EA/EU citizens, Australia, Andorra, Brazil, Canada, El Salvador, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Monaco, New Zealand, San Marino, Switzerland, United States, South Korea

If you’re an international student planning to study in Germany, be sure to check out our Ultimate Guide to Find Your Dream University in Germany. This comprehensive guide covers everything from understanding the German university system to finding the perfect institution, as well as study visas and scholarships available. Once you’ve gone through this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to apply for your student visa to Germany


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Best Places to go Shopping in Berlin

Shopping in Berlin

Berlin offers one of the greatest shopping experiences in the world with a diverse range from Luxury to Flea markets in terms of shopping escapades. Though online shopping is a convenience almost everywhere now, but sometimes finding an interesting piece at a flea bargain is a better deal than coupons!

Here is a consolidation of the most popular destinations offering everything from clothing, art to furniture and christmas decorations for shopping in Berlin.

Mall of Berlin

The mall has almost all popular brands such as H&M, MAC, Calvin Klein, Adidas, Armani Exchange, Gap, Esprit, Fossil, GANT, GUESS USA, Hollister, Hunkemoller, Jack & Jones, Levi’s, Lacoste, Mango, Muji, Nike, Tommy Hilfiger, Tom Tailor, Zara and more.

It also has a wide variety of Berlin’s top premium brands including big players such as Sportscheck and Wormland Store, both of which extend over three complete floors.

You will also find popular fast food chains such as McDonalds, KFC and Pizza Hut here.

Mall of Berlin

Along with these stores utility services such as daily needs stores Aldi, Edeka and DM drugstore are available for every day shopping.

There’s a pharmacy – Leipziger Platz open every day until 8 p.m. which can be found directly at the piazza entrance in the direction of Leipziger Straße.

Mr. Souvenir – is the souvenir shop for every visitor to Berlin. But it is very useful for local Berliners as well, as the store offers tickets for various local attractions in advance – from Madame Tussauds to Sea Life, Legoland and Body Worlds to the GDR Museum. Something for all!

Side Note: This place has partnered with stores for Tax free shopping for tourists! International travellers, who live outside the EU have the option of having German VAT reimbursed by acceptance partners with almost all major international chains!

The Mall is located at Leipziger Straße 12, 10117 Berlin.

Bikini Berlin

The concept does not include large chain stores and instead, you will find a lot of stores and shops which have not yet shown a wide presence in Berlin or even in Germany. You will find everything from high-quality fashion and shoes here to modern design.

The Bikini Haus is a listed ensemble of buildings from the 1950s. It gets its name from its unusual architecture with an open colonnade in the middle.

It is located at Budapester Str. 38-50, 10787 Berlin, Germany.

Bikini Berlin


Kurfürstendamm is Berlin’s most famous and popular shopping boulevard. It is home to the flagship boutiques of the most luxurious fashion houses such as Hermès, Valentino, Chanel, Versace, Louis Vuitton, Prada, Burberry, and Gucci.

It is also home to “KaDeWe” (Kaufhaus des Westens – the ‘Department Store of the West’), the best-known department store in Germany. It is the largest sales store on the European continent. First opened in 1907, this store offers an attractive mixture of upmarket and luxury goods.


Store Opening hours:

  • Monday to Thursday 10:00 – 20:00
  • Friday 10:00 – 21:00
  • Saturday 9:30 – 20:00

Flea Market shopping in Berlin

If you’re looking to thrift shop or want some antiquities, Berlin’s flea markets offer a great shopping experience. You can freely browse through an endless range of items – from furniture to clothing and antiques – and enjoy the pleasure of getting a great deal while having some amazing street food from the market.

Some of the well-known flea markets in Berlin are:

The Berlin flea market is one of the most famous antique markets in Berlin, offering nearly everything from second-hand items and handicraft to art and design objects. All you need are top notch bargaining skills to bag some interesting pieces with a cool background story!

Opening hours:

  • Saturday 10am–5pm
  • Sunday 10am–5pm

The market has over 120 antique dealers offer furniture, art, design items and books. Everything from furniture to art to war memorabilia is available at this Sunday antique market. Additionally it offers, many fast food restaurants, with German, Asian and Turkish cuisine. It is the ‘nostalgic’ feels market where you can find old postcards, books, cutlery and many modern stuff like fridge magnets featuring old East German propaganda graphic motives.

Opening hours:

Sunday 9am–4pm

Every second Sunday of the month, Prinzessinnengärtenin Kreuzberg turns into a flea market for design lovers of second-hand items, art, clothes and music.

Opening hours:

Sunday 10 am– 5 pm

Located at the historic Arminius indoor market in the Berlin-Moabit neighbourhood, Artminius21 is a great place to discover art, handicraft, design products and beautiful textiles.

This is a Christmas market to let you find gifts and decorations from about two Saturdays before Christmas. Merry Shopping!

Opening hours:

Saturdays 10 am – 5 pm

The art market at Zeughaus near Museum Island offers Artwork at affordable prices. The market offers a bohemian vibe with live demonstrations by local artists. Every weekend, the market is a popular spot for tourists and locals.

Opening hours:

  • Saturday 11am–5pm
  • Sunday 11am–5pm

Hospitals and Clinics in Berlin for expats

hospitals and clinics in berlin

If you’re not comfortable with German so much to explain, you can simply switch to practitioners who could communicate in your language.

Doctena is a website which lets you find doctors of any specialty based on the language you prefer and book an appointment! There are other websites too such as Docinsider, which shares information about local doctors and medical centers in Berlin and also other German cities.

The Top Hospitals and clinics in Berlin that offer assistance in multiple languages such as English, Russian, Arabic, or French are:

HELIOS Kliniken Berlin-Buch  

The Helios Clinic Berlin-Buch is one of the largest clinics in Berlin with a capacity of more than 1000 beds arranged in about 30 clinics, centers and institutes. Because of intertwined Outpatient care and inpatient care and close cooperation the patient has access to all aspects of comprehensive medical care in one location.

  • Address: Schwanebecker Chaussee 50, 13125 Berlin.
  • Telephone number: +49 30 94010


  • About 20 Kms away from Berlin City Center
  • S-Bahn line – S2
  • Bus route – 893

Immanuel Hospital

The Immanuel Hospital Berlin is an acute clinic that is situated in two locations: at the Berlin-Wannsee location with a focus on rheumatic orthopedics, rheumatology and naturopathy, and at the Berlin-Buch location with a focus on rheumatology.

Berlin-Wannsee Location

  • Address: Königstraße 63, 14109 Berlin
  • Telephone number: Wannsee: +49 30 80505-0


  • About 23 Kms away from Berlin City Center
  • S-Bahn line – S1, S7
  • Bus Routes –114, 118, 218, 316, 318, N 16
  • Bus stop “Am Kleinen Wannsee”

Berlin-Buch Location

  • Address: Lindenberger Weg 19, 13125 Berlin-Buch
  • Telephone Number – 030 94792-0


  • S-Bahn station  – Berlin Buch S2
  • Bus Route – 150, 158 (stop “Alt-Buch / Wiltbergstraße”)
  • Bus Route – 259, 353 (stop “Lindenberger Weg”)
  • Bus Route – 893 (stop “Schwanebecker Chaussee”)

St Hedwig Hospital

It is one of the most popular general hospitals in Berlin.

  • Address: Große Hamburger Str. 5-11, 10115 Berlin
  • Telephone number: (030) 2311-0
  • Emergency room number: (030) 2311-2267


  • Approximately 4 Kms from Berlin City Center
  • S-Bahn line – S1, S2, S3, S5, S7
  • Bus Route – 100, 142, 245

Charité Clinical Center

The Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is one of Europe’s largest university hospitals, affiliated with Humboldt University and Free University Berlin.

  • Address: Charitéplatz1 1, 10117 Berlin
  • Telephone number: +49 30 450-50


  • Situated in the Berlin City Centre
  • S Bahn – S1, S25, S5, S9
  • Bus Route – 120, 142, 245, M85

Alexianer St. Joseph Hospital Berlin-Weißensee

The Hospital is renowned in the Pankow care district for psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychosomatics with its affiliated departments and highly specialized day clinics. This hospital also has a neurology clinic specializing in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.

  • Address: Gartenstrasse 1, 13088 Berlin
  • Telephone: (030) 927- 900, (030) 92790- 700


  • Approximately 9 Kms away from Berlin City Centre
  • Bus Route: 142, 255, 259 Weißer See
  • S Bahn: S41 , S42 , S8, S85  
  • Tram: M4
  • Station: Greifswalder Straße

DRK Clinics Berlin

This clinic in Berlin has a central emergency department open to all patients around the clock. In addition to basic care at a high level with numerous specialist areas, there are several medical competence centers.

City Center Location

  • Address: DRK clinics Berlin Mitte |Drontheimer Str. 39 – 40, 13359 Berlin
  • Telephone: (030) 3035 – 6000


  • Situated in the City Center
  • Underground lines: U9 and U8
  • Tram Line: M13
  • Bus Routes: 255, 150 (stop right in front of the hospital at the Drontheimer Straße stop)

Westend Location

  • Address: DRK clinics Berlin Westend |Spandauer Damm 130, 14050 Berlin
  • Telephone: (030) 3035 – 0


  • Bus Route: M45 (stops directly in front of the hospital at the DRK-Krankenhaus Westend stop)
  • S Bahn: S41, S42, S46

Evangelical Elisabeth Clinic

It combines Christian charity with medical progress and attach just as much importance to human care as to the highest quality standards. As a house of basic and standard care with 150 beds, the hospital offers you modern, top-quality medicine in the heart of Berlin.

  • Address: Lützowstrasse 26, 10785 Berlin
  • Telephone: 030 2506-1


  • Situated in the Berlin City Centre
  • Bus Route: M29 to the Lützowplatz stop
  • Bus Route: M48 to the bus stop Lützowstraße / corner Potsdamer Straße
  • Bus Route: M85 to the bus stop Lützowstraße / corner Potsdamer Straße (goes via Berlin Hauptbahnhof)
  • Underground line: U1 to Kurfürstenstraße, approx. 5 minutes on foot or bus M48, M85
  • Underground line: U2 to Bülowstraße, approx. 7 minutes walk or bus M48, M85
  • S Bahn: S1, S2, S25, S26 to Potsdamer Platz, approx. 10 minutes on foot

For detailed route guides from your place to specific places you can use several apps like moovit to get the best applicable route and transportation.

Covid-19 Visiting Regulations for Hospitals and clinics in Berlin: According to the current Infection Protection Ordinance of the State of Berlin, every person is required to keep physical social contact with other people as low as possible. Due to the high proportion of immunosuppressed patients and to protect all patients and employees, you are advised to limit visits to the hospital as much as possible or avoid them.

Please coordinate this with the nursing staff at your ward. In principle, it is desirable if the visit is received in front of the hospital building to keep a distance. When entering the hospital, mouth and nose protection must be worn and the hospital’s hygiene rules must be observed.

The job interview process in Germany and how to crack it – Ultimate Guide

A lot of people are looking out for jobs in Germany and to settle. Unlike other countries, Germany has a Job Seeker Visa to come to Germany and seek a job for 6 months. Also, you can apply directly from your country and if you are lucky enough, you might end up in Germany. But, if you want to crack the interview you need to know the job interview process in Germany and rounds. Let us go to the details that can be useful.

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Preselection: CV shortlist

The first step is to apply for the role or position in the company. Generally, you apply for the job with a list of documents CV, Cover letter, and certificates if any. You can also call directly the company and inquire about the position. Once applied, you can wait for the email or call from the HR

All company HRs will receive a huge number of applications for job positions. The recruiter will take some time to go through all the CVs and shortlist the best candidates for the first round of job interviews.

Make your resume/CV perfect to get shortlisted. Invest some time on CV/resume and it’s worth it.

First round of Job interview:

Hurray, the time you invested in your CV/resume, and based on your skills, you are shortlisted for the first round. You must feel lucky as a lot of CVs can go to the trash bin. Treat this as important and prepare for the first round of job interviews. Usually, you will get an email from HR with different time options for an appointment. This could be a video call or audio call or sometimes, directly at the company.

You can choose the time based on your convenience and give the confirmation to the recruiter. Now, sit back and go through your resume and brush up your skills provided on your resume. The questions will not be out of the box and all questions related to the skills or experience mentioned in your resume.

Your CV/resume is the key for the first round of Job interview

Make sure you are on time for the interview and there are no distractions like noises or bad wifi connections, etc. The first round will be mostly with the recruiter/HR to check your skills and experience that fits the open role/position in the company.

Some questions that you can prepare before a Job interview:

  • Basic questions about the skills mentioned on the CV/resume
  • why do you apply for this position/role?
  • Why this company?
  • What are the achievements that made you proud of your previous work experience?
  • Why are you changing the job?
  • Do you speak German?
  • Are you interested to learn German?

There can be questions different than above and its just example as they are popular

Second Round of Job Interview:

The second round is the most crucial round to crack the job interview. Once the recruiter realizes that you fit the open position, your CV/resume will be forwarded to the respective team where you will be working with them once you are selected. You will get an email for the second round to choose the date and time.

The questions are completely technical or related to your experience based on the position you apply. Also, some questions on previous experiences, and studies. Remember don’t fake anything and if you don’t know something, say it and show them that you are interested to learn new things. Also, please make sure that you are communicated well and not show attitude. Even if you have skills and fit for the position, but if your attitude makes them you don’t fit the team and end up in rejection.

Your skills and confidence is crucial for the second round

This round can be a video call or directly at the company as well. For IT, it can be directly live coding tests or some companies will send you a coding challenge.

Third Round of Job Interview:

Some companies might end up with 2 rounds and you will know whether you are selected or rejected. But, most of the companies go for 3rd round as well. If it’s not IT, mostly could be another round to test your knowledge

If it’s IT, you will be getting a coding challenge that you will have time to finish in 1-2 weeks. Show your coding skills and don’t take any help from others. Because, you might survive the coding challenge, but later you might get fired or end up in rejection in a later round. It’s best to do it on your own and learn things.

The coding challenge will be based on your programming skills and can choose the language that you are familiar with

Final round:

Awesome, you passed all the rounds, and here on the final round of interviews. This round is not difficult and it is just to discuss your salary and introduce it to the team. This round mostly will be at the company as HR will take you around the office and introduce you to your colleagues.

The most lovable interview round 🙂

Be calm and kind to your new colleagues, and enjoy the happy moments as you are not jobless anymore :). You can also talk about salary negotiations and employee benefits with HR.


Some companies have only 2 rounds or 3 rounds and more. I narrowed it down to 4 rounds above that fit every category or role.

Important tips:

Thank you for reading the post and if you have any suggestions or feedback, let me know in the comments. If you want to share your job interview experiences which can be helpful to others, please contact us

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Dining in Germany – Just as fine as Germans do

dining in Germany

It is challenging enough to settle into a new lifestyle in a new country and to do so without cultural appropriation might sound next level. The one thing we’d be doing much more frequently after moving to Germany would be dining out with friends, family, colleagues, or even by oneself. Not just because it is easier on some days, but because it is an integral part of the German culture. And to do so might seem a little perplexing without being familiar with the atmosphere. So, here is a brief guide to some key points to familiarise yourself with the meals and manners of dining in Germany.

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Frühstück – Breakfast

Breakfast is one of the most crucial meals of the day and very popular among Germans. The breakfast staples mostly include – warm beverages such as coffee, tea, hot cocoa, or a simple glass of juice (Saft). Slices of fresh, crusty, or toasted bread (Brot) or bread rolls (Brötchen) with various spreads and toppings such as Butter & Marmalade. Some might prefer Quark mit Schnittlauch (a type of curd cheese), Wurst (sausage), and Käse (cheese) on top of the bread and boiled egg (Ei). Cereals such as oat flakes or Müsli (Muesli) are also quite popular when mixed with Joghurt (yogurt) or Milch (milk) and topped with fresh fruits.

Zweites Frühstück / Pausenbrot – The mid meal snack

Eating a snack between meals is quite a tradition in Germany and is actually encouraged to prevent overeating at lunch and dinner. Pausenbrot (recess sandwich) and Zweites Frühstück (second breakfast) mostly consist of small sandwiches, fruits, some yogurt, or a müsli bar.

Mittagessen – Lunch

Conventional lunch meals in Germany will always have some accompaniment of potato such as Salzkartoffeln (boiled), Knödel (dumplings), Bratkartoffeln (fried potatoes), Krokette (croquettes), Kartoffelpüree (mashed potatoes) and, of course, Pommes Frites (french fries) in dishes like Kartoffelsalat mit Würstchen or Frikadellen (potato salad with sausage or meatballs), Spätzle mit Geschnetzeltem (Spätzle noodles with stir-fried pork strips), Schnitzel mit Buttergemüse (Schnitzel with buttered vegetables) or Fischstäbchen mit Kartoffelpüree (Fish sticks with mashed potato). Meat is quite popular in Germany and a list of most popular meat dishes can be found here.

Kaffee und Kuchen – Coffee and Cake

This is a late afternoon to evening break of a rich German coffee or tea accompanied with bakery items such as a Mohnstückchen (poppy seed pastry) or Apfeltasche (an apple-filled pastry pocket) or a slice of favorite cakes. You can find the most delectable german delicacies listed here.

Abendbrot – Dinner

Dinner consists of a selection of whole-grain bread, cheeses, deli meats, and sausages, with mustard and pickles. This is accompanied by a salad and/or soup, depending on the season. Mostly a glass of juice (Saft) or water is usually the beverage of choice for young people. For adults, it would be a pint of beer or a glass of wine instead.

Restaurant Dining in Germany


In contrast to the west, German restaurants generally do not offer a host to seat you until you are going in with a reservation or it is a particularly high-end restaurant. It is completely natural to simply find an unoccupied table and seat yourself.

At bars, cafes, or in crowded restaurants, it is perfectly acceptable to share a table with strangers. You just have to ask, “Ist hier noch frei?” (Is this seat vacant?), and go ahead if they approve.


Once you’re seated comfortably, you will need to ask for water, as it is NOT complimentary. On asking, you will be explicitly asked if you want the water “mit oder ohne Kohlensäure” meaning still or sparkling, you can say “stilles wasser” for still water and “Sprudelwasser” for sparkling. The German term for bottled water without fizz is “Wasser ohne Kohlensäure“.

In case you want tap water you will have to specify that you would rather have “Leitungswasser”. Please keep in mind, it is not customary to serve tap water in Germany as asking for tap water is considered impolite.

While ordering your drinks you will also need to ask for ice cubes separately.

But since you’re in Germany, you will observe most people ordering their beers instead of water. A polite and right way to order is somewhat along the lines of – “Ich hätt’ gern einen halben Liter Hefeweizen, bitte” that translates to I’d like a half litre of Hefeweizen, please. It is important to mention the kind of beer and the size you want because beer has its own variety in all parts of Germany – from local to global and what you find in one place might not be available in other places. Most of the time, small beer is about a third of a litre and a large is half a litre.


If you’re in for a formal lunch/dinner party or eating and drinking in a group, wait until someone says “Guten Appetit” or wants to “anstossen“(say “cheers”). When you do ‘cheers’ around the table, it is essential to look at each person in the eye as you clink glasses as otherwise is deemed rude in European culture. During festive dinners with friends, it is quite common that the host or guest holds a small speech, congratulating or toasting.

You would notice that German restaurants are a great deal quieter in comparison to other countries, no matter, if you’re in casual or fine dining restaurants as loud conversations and noises during the meal, are frowned upon.

You have to be mindful to keep your hands on the table while eating, to do otherwise is considered rude. Crossing your knife and fork on your plate, means you are merely pausing. Laying your knife and fork side by side at the edge of a plate will indicate you are done with your meal, and the waiter may come and take your plate away.

Takeaway of leftovers is not that usual in Germany so your waiter or waitress might be surprised if you ask for it.

Payment and Tipping

With the exception of larger cities, cash is still a popular mode of payment for German restaurants. Credit cards will be accepted in the majority of restaurants and waiters will come to the table with a card machine to swipe your credit card, but it is always recommended to bring cash with you unless you’re aware of their payment services.

Tipping is around 10% of your bill and a general rule for small meals is to round up the bill, say if your bill is 12.50 Euros, you might want to pay 15.00 Euros.

You may find that your waiter/waitress will remain at the table while you pay because you need to make sure to let them know how much tip you want to leave.

These are some general and typical observations about how food is served and eaten in Germany. But of course, there are always fast food joints where you can enjoy most comfort foods like burgers, pizza, and fries from well-known chains such as McDonald’s, Burger King, and Pizza Hut without much ado about traditional approaches.


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